This is a sequel to my previous post, where I explained the basic usage of the Japanese demonstrative adjectives この(kono), その(sono) and あの(ano). In this post, I’ll show you exceptional usages of the Japanese demonstrative adjective あの. Usually you should use その to refer to something that has already been mentioned in the conversation, but… Continue reading How to say “that” in Japanese correctly 2: あの or その?
Many Japanese learners have trouble using the demonstrative adjectives あの(ano) and その(sono). In many cases, they use あの more widely than it actually covers, where その should be used. Are you also struggling with them? Or maybe you’re not sure if you are correct? Okay, let’s start with the basic usage of the Japanese demonstrative… Continue reading How to say “that” in Japanese correctly 1: この, あの or その?
There is an interesting discussion concerning the words “last” and “next”. Suppose it were Autumn now. When someone said “last summer,” would you think it refers to the one in the same year or the previous year? Similarly, would “next winter” be the one in the same year or the next year? According to some… Continue reading When is “last” and “next”? – ambiguous words to refer to time –
I got a question from a Japanese learner about how to use 生きる (ikiru) and 住む (sumu) correctly.Both can be translated as “to live” in English, but they are not exactly the same in Japanese. (Old houses in Kawagoe, Japan) 生きる means “to lead a life” or “to survive,” and its opposite word is 死ぬ (shinu), “to die”.1) 私たちは生きるために水が必要です。(わたしたちは… Continue reading Differences and Usages: いきる vs. すむ
This is a sequel to the previous entry. We’ve talked about the first two rules in the previous entry. Here is the third one: An adverb should appear closer to the word(s) it is modifying. Let’s look at the first picture. (Click it to see a bigger picture.) I used some dashed arrows with すこし,… Continue reading Word Order in Japanese: Adverbs #2
In Japanese, the word order is somewhat flexible and not as important as it is in English. As for adverbs, though there are some “common” word order patterns, they are often flexible. It depends on the speaker’s preference: how much you want to put a stress on them and to which word they have more… Continue reading Word Order in Japanese: Adverbs #1
Today I’m going to explain the differences between 知る and わかる. Their differences mainly lie in the depth of understanding and how you get the information. 知る means “to have some information about something” and can be used for any kind of information. It’s the most general word when compared to words such as わかる… Continue reading Differences and Usages: 知る vs. わかる
Today I’ll explain the differences between the following three words: 勉強する vs. 習う vs. 学ぶ. I think the meaning of 勉強する is the same as “to study,” and this is the most commonly used word of the three. It refers to the act of understanding or acquiring knowledge by using materials such as books and… Continue reading Differences and Usages: 勉強する vs. 習う vs. 学ぶ